Question 4 – Will all Jews be saved in the end? Why or why not?
The key to this question is the fact that all Jews must call on the name of Christ and believe in Him in order to be saved. This eliminates the possibility that all Jews could be saved by simply being the biological children of Abraham. Evidence to support the fact that not all biological children of Abraham are in fact “children of the promise” is seen in Romans 9:6-8, “But it is not as though the word of God has failed. For not all who are descended from Israel belong to Israel, and not all are children of Abraham because they are his offspring, but ‘Through Isaac shall your offspring be named.’ This means that it is not the children of the flesh who are the children of God, but the children of the promise are counted as offspring.”
The question then becomes: will the Jews “look upon the one they pierced and mourn for him as one mourns for a firstborn son”? This question is probably still very open to debate because nobody argued for or against this. This verse appears in Zechariah 12, which is a prophetic scripture. However, this section of scripture was not the focus of our discussion.
Question 5 – What is the meaning of Romans 11:29?
Several different ideas were discussed regarding this meaning, but when put into context, the meaning becomes much more specific. We decided that when Paul says, “The gifts and calling of God are irrevocable,” in this context he is referring to the gifts given to Israel listed in 9:4, “They are Israelites, and to them belong the adoption, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the worship, and the promises.” Paul is saying that God has given Israel these gifts and the calling to become children of the promise and it is these particular gifts and calling that God will not revoke, despite Israel’s rejection of Jesus.
Although this is the specific context of this verse, we thought that there is evidence to apply it in other situations. Jesus tells the story of the servants who are given talents (Matthew 25:14-30), which seems to parallel the idea that once God gives a gift, he does not take it back. We also see this in our own Christian lives with Christians who display spiritual gifts but later turn their backs on God. The gifts they received often stay with them even though they have chosen to no longer follow God.